Web 1.0 in The Gambia
By Kejau Touray
Web 1.0 is the predecessor to the web 2.0, and is an informational web, with the flow of the information often unidirectional, mainly from website owners, who are most likely businesses and government to the rest of us. In contrast Web 2.0 and Web 3.0, are both readable, writable and therefore a conversational and networking platform (Nath et al, 2014), allowing users to create their own contents via social media or blogs, in the form of online radios, newspapers and even online TVs in case of The Gambia. Listserv, whether it is web 1.0 or web2, have been widely used widely by Gambians in The Gambia and abroad, to help and collaborate with those on the ground to fight tyranny, before the advent of well-accepted web 2.0 tools like the Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn. The Gambia L (The Gambia L, 2018) and The Gambia Post Listservs and then the Facebook and other social media and social computing activism, is widely accepted as the most deciding factors in removing 22 years of dictatorship without resorting to violence.
Another electronic tool I used in the late 1990s was the free email from Hotmail and of course the internet browsers from Mozilla, the Internet Explorer and the WWW, which gave me access to so much information (A Brief History of E-mail', 2017), it was overwhelming at first. Gambian Listservs were opened by sending emails requests later changed to pay for and work emails, to discourage abuse, especially from the dictator and his henchmen online. Static websites started surfacing as online radios and due to the clampdown on the free press, these web 1.0/web 2.0 tools quickly gained political weight, helping to tilt the balance in our favour.
The advantages to businesses and professionals to websites, albeit static, includes for advertisements and informational portal. Listservs are two-way conversations, these could have other benefits businesses by way of feedbacks. Emails and other eCommunication tools provide businesses and individuals to get valuable information and in time, very fast and of course from a vast number of sources, as well as knowledge management and storage facilities (Dehinbo, 2010).
‘A Brief History of E-mail' 2017, Information Management Journal, 51, 4, p. 41, Education Research Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 24 March 2018.
Dehinbo, J 2010, 'Contributions of Traditional Web 1.0 Tools e.g. Email and Web 2.0 Tools e.g. Weblog towards Knowledge Management', Information Systems Education Journal, 8, 15, ERIC, EBSCOhost, viewed 24 March 2018.
Nath K., Basishtha S., Dhar S. 2014 'Web 1.0 to Web 3.0 - Evolution of the Web and its various challenges' 2014, 2014 International Conference On Reliability Optimization And Information Technology (ICROIT), Optimization, Reliability, And Information Technology (ICROIT), 2014 International Conference On, p. 86, IEEE Xplore Digital Library, EBSCOhost, viewed 24 March 2018.
The Gambia L 2018 ‘Archives of Gambia L’ available at: http://www.listserv.icors.org/archives/gambia-l.html viewed 24 March 2018.